There are few thing more precious than a brand new puppy, and you want to do everything you can to keep him safe and happy. Because a puppy's immune system is not full developed yet, he is more prone to catching serious illnesses. As a pet parent, it is up to you to be aware of these sicknesses and protect your puppy from them. Here are seven viruses to watch out for in puppies:
Affecting several different organs, the distemper virus can lead to vomiting, eye discharge, seizures and fever, according to Pet Education. This is an extremely contagious diseases and has caused death in many canines. Dogs that do survive distemper may be left with a damaged nervous system and vision. Although there is currently no specific treatment plan for this disease, intravenous fluids are often used to reduce the risk of dehydration.
Parvovirus is another illness you have to worry about. According to WebMD, parvovirus is a life-threatening sickness and can severely affect the intestinal tract. When a puppy contracts this disease, it can result in lifelong heart problems. Parvovirus can survive in the environment for months and can lead to bloody diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy and loss of appetite. If your puppy contracts this disease, he will likely require a hospital stay so that he can receive antibiotics and intravenous fluids.
Rabies is most commonly contracted through a bite of an infected animal and is usually fatal. Symptoms of this virus include aggression, fever, paralysis of the throat, seizures and loss of appetite. A dog is more likely to contract this disease if he is not vaccinated and allowed outside without supervision. Remember to vaccinate your puppy after he is three months old so that he doesn't catch this fatal disease.
Also known as tracheobronchitis, kennel cough affects many canines and is categorized by a dry hacking cough. Other symptoms of this condition include nasal discharge, fever and lethargy. If your puppy catches kennel cough, a veterinarian will most likely give him antibiotics. If the case is severe, hospitalization may be required. If you have to put your puppy in a kennel, make sure the facility is clean and has proper ventilation.
Caused by Leptospira bacteria, canines can contract leptospirosis if they come in contact with infected urine, water, bedding, food or soil. According to the American Veterinary Medical Foundation, symptoms of this disease include fever, increased thirst, jaundice, vomiting and loss of appetite. Although early treatment can increase the chance of a full recovery, your puppy could still endure permanent kidney and liver damage.
The majority of puppies contract roundworms through their mothers shortly after birth. If roundworms get into your puppy's system, they can deprive his body of nutrients and lead to vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss and weakness. If your puppy is showing any of these symptoms or has worms in his feces, take him to the veterinarian's office right away. A veterinary professional can give your puppy medication to get rid of the roundworms.
Whether they are contracted through ingestion or the skin, hookworms can lead to anemia, a dull coat, vomiting and black stools. According to Pet Education, in severe cases, this infection can result in death. If you believe your puppy has hookworms, it's vital to take him to an emergency vet clinic like Gwynedd Veterinary Hospital right away, so a vet can treat him with medication.
The idea of your puppy contracting any of these diseases is scary, so it's important to carefully monitor his health. Also, make sure your furry family member is up date with all his shots. Contact a professional